BMC nephrology 2017 03 0218(1) 83 doi 10.1186/s12882-016-0414-4
In developing countries, renal specialists are scarce and physician-to-patient contact time is limited. While conventional hospital-based, physician-oriented approach has been the main focus of chronic kidney disease (CKD) care, a comprehensive multidisciplinary health care program (Integrated CKD Care) has been introduced as an alternate intervention to delay CKD progression in a community population. The main objective is to assess effectiveness of Integrated CKD Care in delaying CKD progression.
We carried out a community-based, cluster randomized controlled trial. Four hundred forty-two stage 3-4 CKD patients were enrolled. In addition to the standard treatments provided to both groups, the patients in the intervention group also received "Integrated CKD Care". This was delivered by a multidisciplinary team of hospital staff in conjunction with a community CKD care network (subdistrict healthcare officers and village health volunteers) to provide group counseling during each hospital visit and quarterly home visits to monitor compliance with the treatment. Duration of the study was 2 years. The primary outcome was difference of mean eGFR between the intervention and the control groups over the study period.
The mean difference of eGFR over time in the intervention group was significantly lower than the control group by 2.74 ml/min/1.73 m(2) (95%CI 0.60-4.50, p = 0.009). Seventy composite clinical endpoints were reported during the study period with significantly different incidences between the control and the intervention groups (119.1 versus 69.4 per 1000 person-years; hazard ratio (HR) 0.59, 95% CI 0.4-0.9, p = 0.03).
Integrated CKD Care can delay CKD progression in resource-limited settings.
( NCT01978951 ). Prospectively registered as of December 8, 2012.