The objective of this review is to evaluate the effectiveness of operative versus expectant management on recovery of nerve palsies after pediatric supracondylar fracture of the humerus or after surgery for supracondylar fracture of the humerus.
Supracondylar humerus fractures are the most common fracture of the elbow in children. These fractures have a high risk of complications from both the trauma itself and the treatment. Up to 12% of patients will have associated nerve injury, but there is insufficient information regarding the timing of investigation of and intervention in a persistent nerve palsy. This review aims to summarize the evidence and guide clinicians regarding the timing of investigation and/or surgical intervention for persistent nerve palsies after supracondylar humerus fractures in the pediatric population.
This review will include pediatric patients with ipsilateral upper limb nerve palsy after supracondylar fracture of the humerus or after surgery for a supracondylar fracture of the humerus without preexisting nerve palsies.
A comprehensive database search will be undertaken in MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. The trial registers to be searched will include PROSPERO and AllTrials. The search strategy will include the keywords pediatric/paediatric, supracondylar, nerve injury/palsy/palsies, fracture, and humerus. Titles and abstracts will be screened by independent reviewers for suitability against the inclusion criteria, with accepted publications then being assessed in full with data extraction, synthesis, and assessment of methodological quality, using standardized critical appraisal tools from JBI.