Lipids in health and disease 2018 04 1017(1) 77 doi 10.1186/s12944-018-0725-5
Elevated serum levels of apolipoprotein (apo) C1 may be an early protein marker of metabolic abnormality in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). It is not clear, however, whether there are any relationships between the apoC1 rs4420638A/G and -317deletion (H1)/insertion (H2) polymorphisms and PCOS. We investigated the relationship between these two variants and the risk of PCOS, evaluated the genotypic effects on clinical, hormonal and metabolic indexes and plasma platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) activity, and defined the association of apoC1 gene variants with apoE ε2/ε3/ε4 polymorphisms.
This is a cross-sectional study of 877 women with PCOS and 761 controls. The apoC1 rs4420638A/G genotype was determined by a Taqman real-time PCR allelic discrimination assay. The apoC1-317H1/H2 and apoE ε2/ε3/ε4 genotypes were measured using PCR and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. The clinical, hormonal and metabolic parameters and PAF-AH activity were measured.
The frequencies of apoC1 rs4420638A/G and -317H1/H2 genotypes and alleles were similar between PCOS and control groups (P > 0.05). However, the rs4420638 G allele was related to increased serum luteinizing hormone, cholesterol and apoB levels, and the ratio of apoB to apoA1 (P < 0.05), and the -317H1H1 genotype was associated with a higher acne grade score and a higher ratio of apoB-PAF-AH to H-PAF-AH activity (P < 0.05) in patients with PCOS. We also demonstrated that the apoC1 rs4420638A/G and -317H1/H2 gene variants existed in moderate to reasonably high linkage disequilibrium with apoE ε2/ε3/ε4 polymorphisms in Chinese women. CONCLUSION
The apoC1 rs4420638A/G and -317H1/H2 gene variants might be involved in endocrine abnormalities of reproductive axis, metabolic abnormalities and chronic inflammation in PCOS, although no association was observed between the apoC1 genetic variants and the risk of PCOS in Chinese women.