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Effects of dietary level of tannic acid and protein on internal organ weights and biochemical blood parameters of rats.

Effects of dietary level of tannic acid and protein on internal organ weights and biochemical blood parameters of rats.
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Barszcz M, Taciak M, Tuśnio A, Skomiał J,


Barszcz M, Taciak M, Tuśnio A, Skomiał J, (click to view)

Barszcz M, Taciak M, Tuśnio A, Skomiał J,

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PloS one 2018 01 0513(1) e0190769 doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0190769
Abstract

Tannic acid (TA) is a polyphenolic compound with a health-promoting potential for humans. It is hypothesised that TA effects on the relative weight of internal organs and biochemical blood indices are modified by dietary protein level in rats. The study involved 72 rats divided into 12 groups fed diets with 10 or 18% of crude protein (CP) and supplemented with 0, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5 or 2% of TA. After 3 weeks of feeding, the relative weight of the caecum was greater in rats fed TA diets, while feeding diets with 10% of CP increased the relative weight of the stomach, small intestine and caecum, but decreased that of kidneys and spleen. Albumin concentration was higher in rats fed 0.25% and 0.5% TA diets than in rats given the 2% TA diets. The 2% TA diets reduced creatine kinase (CK) activity compared to non-supplemented diets and those with 0.5, 1 and 1.5% of TA. Rats fed the 10% CP diets had a higher activity of alkaline phosphatase, amylase, and γ-glutamyltransferase as well as the concentration of iron and cholesterol, but lower that of urea and uric acid. The interaction affected only cholinesterase activity. In conclusion, TA induced caecal hypertrophy and could act as a cardioprotective agent, as demonstrated by reduced CK activity, but these effects were not modified by dietary protein level.

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