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Effects of Hypercapnia on Acute Cellular Rejection after Lung Transplantation in Rats.

Effects of Hypercapnia on Acute Cellular Rejection after Lung Transplantation in Rats.
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Tan J, Liu Y, Jiang T, Wang L, Zhao C, Shen D, Cui X,


Tan J, Liu Y, Jiang T, Wang L, Zhao C, Shen D, Cui X, (click to view)

Tan J, Liu Y, Jiang T, Wang L, Zhao C, Shen D, Cui X,

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Anesthesiology 2017 10 12() doi 10.1097/ALN.0000000000001908

Abstract
BACKGROUND
Hypercapnia alleviates pulmonary ischemia-reperfusion injury, regulates T lymphocytes, and inhibits immune reaction. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of hypercapnia on acute cellular rejection in a rat lung transplantation model.

METHODS
Recipient rats in sham-operated (Wistar), isograft (Wistar to Wistar), and allograft (Sprague-Dawley to Wistar) groups were ventilated with 50% oxygen, whereas rats in the hypercapnia (Sprague-Dawley to Wistar) group were administered 50% oxygen and 8% carbon dioxide for 90 min during reperfusion (n = 8). Recipients were euthanized 7 days after transplantation.

RESULTS
The hypercapnia group showed a higher oxygenation index (413 ± 78 vs. 223 ± 24), lower wet weight-to-dry weight ratio (4.23 ± 0.54 vs. 7.04 ± 0.80), lower rejection scores (2 ± 1 vs. 4 ± 1), and lower apoptosis index (31 ± 6 vs. 57 ± 4) as compared with the allograft group. The hypercapnia group showed lower CD8 (17 ± 4 vs. 31 ± 3) and CD68 (24 ± 3 vs. 43 ± 2), lower CD8 T cells (12 ± 2 vs. 35 ± 6), and higher CD4/CD8 ratio (2.2 ± 0.6 vs. 1.1 ± 0.4) compared to the allograft group. Tumor necrosis factor-α (208 ± 40 vs. 292 ± 49), interleukin-2 (30.6 ± 6.7 vs. 52.7 ± 8.3), and interferon-γ (28.1 ± 4.9 vs. 62.7 ± 10.1) levels in the hypercapnia group were lower than those in allograft group. CD4, CD4 T cells, and interleukin-10 levels were similar between groups.

CONCLUSIONS
Hypercapnia ameliorated acute cellular rejection in a rat lung transplantation model.

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