Aim Determine changes in the expressions of the ion channel-TRPV1-and neuropeptides-NKA, NKB, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), and SP-in 14-, 21-, and 42-day-old rats after inhaling 1.5% and 2.6% sevoflurane.
A small in-house inhalation anesthesia chamber was designed to allow 14-, 21-, and 42-day-old rats inhale 1.5% and 2.6% sevoflurane, and rats in the control group inhaled carrier gas(1 L/min air +1 L/min O). In addition, 14- and 21-day-old rats were pretreated with capsazepine, followed by inhalation of 1.5% and 2.6% sevoflurane or the carrier gas. The expression of TRPV1 in lung tissues was detected by Western blotting, whereas the expressions of NKA, NKB, CGRP, and SP in the trachea were detected by immunohistochemistry.
After inhalation of 1.5% sevoflurane, the expression of TRPV1 in the lung tissues of 14- and 21-day-old rats was significantly increased compared with that in the control group, which was antagonized by capsazepine pretreatment. Moreover, inhalation of 1.5% sevoflurane markedly increased the expressions of NKA, NKB, CGRP, and SP in the trachea of 21-day-old rats and of NKB, CGRP, and SP in the trachea of 14-day-old rats. The expressions of these molecules were antagonized by capsazepine pretreatment. Conversely, inhalation of 2.6% sevoflurane decreased the expressions of NKA and NKB in the trachea of 42-day-old rats.
Sevoflurane did not upregulate the expression of TRPV1 in the airways of late-developing rats. This anesthetic may have a two-way effect on airways, resulting in considerable effects in pediatric clinical anesthesia management.

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