Four NOS1AP Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs), rs4145621, rs3751284, rs348624 and rs6680461 were genotyped in a sample of 423 male prisoners. Participant evaluations included demographic information, measures of childhood abuse (Child Trauma Questionnaire, CTQ), and PPD features (Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-4, PDQ-4). Participants were divided into a PPD group and non-PPD group assessed by PDQ-4.
Regression analysis revealed that emotional abuse, NOS1AP SNPs rs348624 and rs4145621 predicted PPD features (P < 0.05) among prison samples. Significant interactions between childhood abuse history and NOS1AP SNPs rs3751284 and rs6680461 were also observed. Individuals carrying the C allele of rs3751284 were susceptible to PPD features when exposed to higher levels of emotional neglect (P < 0.05); Individuals with the G allele of rs6680461 were susceptible to PPD features when exposed to higher levels of emotional, physical and sexual abuse (P < 0.01).
These results suggest that the interaction between childhood abuse and NOS1AP gene polymorphisms may have an influence on PPD features, at least in male violent offenders.
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