Effects of intrastriatal injection of the dopamine receptor agonist SKF38393 and quinpirole on locomotor behavior in hemiparkinsonism rats.
Dopamine (DA) in the striatum is essential to influence motor behavior and may lead to movement impairment in Parkinson’s disease (PD). The present study examined the different functions of the DA D1 receptor (D1R) and DA D2 receptor (D2R) by intrastriatal injection of the D1R agonist SKF38393 and the D2R agonist quinpirole in 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-lesioned and control rats. All rats separately underwent dose-response behavior testing for SKF38393 (0, 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 µg/site) or quinpirole (0, 1.0, 2.0, and 3.0 µg/site) to determine the effects of the optimal modulating threshold dose. Two behavior assessment indices, the time of latency to fall and the number of steps on a rotating treadmill, were used as reliable readouts of motor stimulation variables for quantifying the motor effects of the drugs. The findings indicate that at threshold doses, SKF38393 (1.0 µg/site) and quinpirole (1.0 µg/site) produce a dose-dependent increase in locomotor activity compared to vehicle injection. The ameliorated behavioral responses to either SKF38393 or quinpirole in lesioned rats were greater than those in unlesioned control rats. Moreover, the dose-dependent increase in locomotor capacity for quinpirole was greater than that for SKF38393 in lesioned rats. These results can clarify several key issues related to DA receptors directly and may provide a basis for exploring the potential of future selective dopamine therapies for PD in humans.Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier B.V.