This study was performed to explore the effects of metabolic memory on diabetic erectile dysfunction (ED), especially the severity and response to treatment.
Through medical records and follow-up by telephone, 67 patients meeting the criteria with a clinical diagnosis of ED and a diabetic history of more than 5 years were enrolled for erectile function analysis. They were divided into a glycemic control group, a glycemic non-control group and a metabolic memory group according to glycemic levels and treatments for diabetes in the past 5 years, and they were treated with phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors for 4 weeks. Erectile function and efficacy were assessed by the International Index for Erectile Function (IIEF), the Erection Hardness Score (EHS), and the Sexual Encounter Profile (SEP).
The patients in the glycemic control group performed better in erectile function than those in the other groups. The patients in the glycemic control group received a significantly greater score on both the EHS and the five domains of the IIEF than did the patients in the glycemic non-control group and the metabolic memory group (all P<0.001). There were also statistically significant differences favoring the glycemic control group (P0.05). Significant negative correlations were seen between HbA1c levels at the time of consultation and the scores on the IIEF-EF and the EHS (Pearson r-values of -0.338 with P=0.005 and -0.273 with P=0.025, respectively). HbA1c levels at the first diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (DM) were also significantly negatively correlated with scores on the IIEF-EF and the EHS with greater Pearson correlation coefficients (Pearson r-values of -0.478 with P<0.001 and -0.392 with P=0.001, respectively). Significant improvements on each of the erectile function assessments were observed among diabetic patients with ED, but no significant difference in efficacy was observed between each group.
The phenomenon of metabolic memory did have a significant influence on ED in men with diabetes, associated with the severity of ED but not the response to medical treatment. Early hyperglycemia exposure would have long-term disadvantageous effects on erectile function in diabetic patients with ED, which would be sustained even after the patients achieve better glycemic control.
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