This study aims to investigate the safety and efficacy of short-term treatment for ocular surface disease (OSD) with topical low-dose (1,005 mg) preservative-free hydrocortisone in one hundred patients with and without glaucoma.
This was an open label non-randomized clinical trial. Patients with OSD with and without primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) received topical low-dose (1,005 mg) preservative-free hydrocortisone twice daily in each eye for 2 weeks. All patients underwent a complete ophthalmological examination at baseline (T0) and at 1 (T1) and 2 (T2) weeks post-treatment. At each visit, the intraocular pressure (IOP) and the ocular surface disease index (OSDI) questionnaire scores were recorded; the Schirmer test was performed only at T0 and T2.
The OSDI score significantly decreased in both the POAG and no-POAG groups (both p < 0.0001) after hydrocortisone treatment, with no difference between the two groups (p = 0.72). There were no significant differences in IOP and Schirmer test results between T0 and T2 in both treatment groups (p = 0.68 and p = 0.83, respectively).
Topical low-dose (1,005 mg) preservative-free hydrocortisone is safe and effective for improving OSD symptoms both in patients with and without POAG.
The trial was registered at under NCT04536129 on 01/09/2020 (“retrospectively registered”).

© 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.