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Efficacy and safety of daclatasvir plus pegylated-interferon alfa 2a and ribavirin in previously untreated HCV subjects coinfected with HIV and HCV genotype-1: a Phase III, open-label study.

Efficacy and safety of daclatasvir plus pegylated-interferon alfa 2a and ribavirin in previously untreated HCV subjects coinfected with HIV and HCV genotype-1: a Phase III, open-label study.
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Sulkowski MS, Fessel WJ, Lazzarin A, Berenguer J, Zakharova N, Cheinquer H, Côté P, Dieterich D, Gadano A, Matthews G, Molina JM, Moreno C, Pineda JA, Pulido F, Rivero A, Rockstroh J, Hernandez D, McPhee F, Eley T, Liu Z, Mendez P, Hughes E, Noviello S, Ackerman P,


Sulkowski MS, Fessel WJ, Lazzarin A, Berenguer J, Zakharova N, Cheinquer H, Côté P, Dieterich D, Gadano A, Matthews G, Molina JM, Moreno C, Pineda JA, Pulido F, Rivero A, Rockstroh J, Hernandez D, McPhee F, Eley T, Liu Z, Mendez P, Hughes E, Noviello S, Ackerman P, (click to view)

Sulkowski MS, Fessel WJ, Lazzarin A, Berenguer J, Zakharova N, Cheinquer H, Côté P, Dieterich D, Gadano A, Matthews G, Molina JM, Moreno C, Pineda JA, Pulido F, Rivero A, Rockstroh J, Hernandez D, McPhee F, Eley T, Liu Z, Mendez P, Hughes E, Noviello S, Ackerman P,

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Hepatology international 2017 02 16() doi 10.1007/s12072-017-9788-z

Abstract
BACKGROUND
Daclatasvir (DCV) is a potent, pangenotypic, hepatitis C virus (HCV) non-structural protein 5A inhibitor with low potential for drug interactions with antiretroviral therapy (ART). We evaluated the safety and efficacy of DCV plus peginterferon alfa-2a/ribavirin (PegIFN/RBV) in HIV-1/HCV genotype-1-coinfected patients.

METHODS
AI444043 (NCT01471574), an open-label, Phase III, single-arm, response-guided treatment (RGT) study included 301 patients. They received DCV doses of 30, 60 or 90 mg once daily (depending on concomitant ART), plus weight-based RBV (<75 kg, 1000 mg/day; or ≥75 kg, 1200 mg/day), and once-weekly PegIFN 180 μg, for 24 weeks. If required by RGT, PegIFN/RBV without DCV was extended for an additional 24 weeks of therapy. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with sustained virologic response at post-treatment Week 12 (SVR12). RESULTS
Overall, 224 (74%) patients achieved SVR12 and the lower bound of the 95% confidence interval was higher than the historic SVR rate with PegIFN/RBV alone (70 vs. 29%). Most common adverse events (AEs) were fatigue, neutropenia, anemia, asthenia and headache. On-treatment serious AEs occurred in 24/301 (8%) patients; 18/301 (6%) discontinued treatment due to AE.

CONCLUSIONS
DCV + PegIFN/RBV led to sustained HCV virologic response in the majority of HIV-1-HCV-coinfected patients, regardless of concomitant ART. HIV control was not compromised and no new safety signals were identified. This study supports DCV use in HIV-1-HCV-coinfected patients, while allowing the vast majority of patients to remain on their existing ART regimen.

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