Hepatitis B is a serious global health problem. Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a major risk factor in the endemicity of HBV infection. Oral antiviral drugs are recommended to highly viremic mothers to decrease MTCT of HBV. The present network analysis compared the efficacy of available treatments to prevent the MTCT of HBV.
The electronic databases of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus, and Wanfang data were searched for eligible studies. Pair-wise meta-analysis and Bayesian network analysis were applied to compare the efficacy of antiviral drugs.
Seventy-five studies involving 12,740 pregnant females were eligible for analysis. On pair-wise analysis, lamivudine (OR 0.15, 95% CI 0.09-0.25, I-squared = 0%), telbivudine (OR 0.07, 95% CI 0.05-0.10, I-squared = 0%) and tenofovir (OR 0.07, 95% CI 0.04-0.13, I-squared = 0%) significantly decreased the MTCT rate. Results of multiple comparisons with ranking probability based on Bayesian analysis showed that tenofovir (SUCRA = 96.83%) appeared more effective than the two other drugs.
In addition to active and passive immunoprophylaxis, lamivudine, telbivudine and tenofovir in highly viremic mothers can further decrease MTCT of HBV. Based on direct and indirect evidence, tenofovir appears to be more effective than the two other drugs in the prevention of HBV MTCT.