Transient receptor potential melastatin 8 (TRPM8) channels may contribute to the pathophysiological bladder afferent hyperactivity, thus a TRPM8 antagonist would be a promising therapeutic target for the bladder hypersensitive disorders including urinary urgency in overactive bladder (OAB). We aimed to investigate a pharmacological effect of KPR-5714, a novel selective TRPM8 antagonist, on TRPM8 channels, M receptors and β-adrenoceptors using the transfected cells of each gene at first. Then, combination effects of KPR-5714 and mirabegron, a β-adrenoceptor agonist, or tolterodine tartrate, an anticholinergic agent, were studied on rhythmic bladder contractions (RBCs) in normal rats and bladder function in frequent-voiding rats. In vitro measurements showed that KPR-5714 acts on neither β-adrenoceptor nor M receptor. In normal rats, KPR-5714 and mirabegron significantly reduced the frequency of RBCs, and a combined administration showed an additive effect. In rats with cerebral infarction, KPR-5714 and mirabegron significantly reduced the voiding frequency, and a combined administration showed an additive effect. In rats exposed to cold temperature, KPR-5714 and tolterodine tartrate significantly reduced the voiding frequency accompanied by the increased mean voided volume, and a combined administration showed additive effects. The present study demonstrated that the combined administration of KPR-5714 and mirabegron or tolterodine tartrate showed the additive effects on bladder dysfunction in different animal models, suggesting that the combination therapy of TRPM8 antagonist and β-adrenoceptor agonist or anticholinergic agent can be the potential treatment option for obtaining additive effects in comparison with monotherapy for OAB.Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier B.V.
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