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Eliciting the child’s voice in adverse event reporting in oncology trials: Cognitive interview findings from the Pediatric Patient-Reported Outcomes version of the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events initiative.

Eliciting the child’s voice in adverse event reporting in oncology trials: Cognitive interview findings from the Pediatric Patient-Reported Outcomes version of the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events initiative.
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Reeve BB, McFatrich M, Pinheiro LC, Weaver MS, Sung L, Withycombe JS, Baker JN, Mack JW, Waldron MK, Gibson D, Tomlinson D, Freyer DR, Mowbray C, Jacobs S, Palma D, Martens CE, Gold SH, Jackson KD, Hinds PS,


Reeve BB, McFatrich M, Pinheiro LC, Weaver MS, Sung L, Withycombe JS, Baker JN, Mack JW, Waldron MK, Gibson D, Tomlinson D, Freyer DR, Mowbray C, Jacobs S, Palma D, Martens CE, Gold SH, Jackson KD, Hinds PS, (click to view)

Reeve BB, McFatrich M, Pinheiro LC, Weaver MS, Sung L, Withycombe JS, Baker JN, Mack JW, Waldron MK, Gibson D, Tomlinson D, Freyer DR, Mowbray C, Jacobs S, Palma D, Martens CE, Gold SH, Jackson KD, Hinds PS,

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Pediatric blood & cancer 2016 09 2164(3) doi 10.1002/pbc.26261
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Adverse event (AE) reporting in oncology trials is required, but current practice does not directly integrate the child’s voice. The Pediatric Patient-Reported Outcomes version of the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (PRO-CTCAE) is being developed to assess symptomatic AEs via child/adolescent self-report or proxy-report. This qualitative study evaluates the child’s/adolescent’s understanding and ability to provide valid responses to the PRO-CTCAE to inform questionnaire refinements and confirm content validity.

PROCEDURE
From seven pediatric research hospitals, children/adolescents ages 7-15 years who were diagnosed with cancer and receiving treatment were eligible, along with their parent-proxies. The Pediatric PRO-CTCAE includes 130 questions that assess 62 symptomatic AEs capturing symptom frequency, severity, interference, or presence. Cognitive interviews with retrospective probing were completed with children in the age groups of 7-8, 9-12, and 13-15 years. The children/adolescents and proxies were interviewed independently.

RESULTS
Two rounds of interviews involved 81 children and adolescents and 74 parent-proxies. Fifteen of the 62 AE terms were revised after Round 1, including refinements to the questions assessing symptom severity. Most participants rated the PRO-CTCAE AE items as "very easy" or "somewhat easy" and were able to read, understand, and provide valid responses to questions. A few AE items assessing rare events were challenging to understand.

CONCLUSIONS
The Pediatric and Proxy PRO-CTCAE performed well among children and adolescents and their proxies, supporting its content validity. Data from PRO-CTCAE may improve symptomatic AE reporting in clinical trials and enhance the quality of care that children receive.

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