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EMC1-dependent stabilization drives membrane penetration of a partially destabilized non-enveloped virus.

EMC1-dependent stabilization drives membrane penetration of a partially destabilized non-enveloped virus.
Author Information (click to view)

Bagchi P, Inoue T, Tsai B,


Bagchi P, Inoue T, Tsai B, (click to view)

Bagchi P, Inoue T, Tsai B,

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eLife 2016 12 245() doi 10.7554/eLife.21470
Abstract

Destabilization of a non-enveloped virus generates a membrane transport-competent viral particle. Here we probe polyomavirus SV40 endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-to-cytosol membrane transport, a decisive infection step where destabilization initiates this non-enveloped virus for membrane penetration. We find that a member of the ER membrane protein complex (EMC) called EMC1 promotes SV40 ER membrane transport and infection. Surprisingly, EMC1 does so by using its predicted transmembrane residue D961 to bind to and stabilize the membrane-embedded partially destabilized SV40, thereby preventing premature viral disassembly. EMC1-dependent stabilization enables SV40 to engage a cytosolic extraction complex that ejects the virus into the cytosol. Thus EMC1 acts as a molecular chaperone, bracing the destabilized SV40 in a transport-competent state. Our findings reveal the novel principle that coordinated destabilization-stabilization drives membrane transport of a non-enveloped virus.

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