To evaluate the relationship between mortality or relapse of bloodstream infection (BSI) due to Enterococcus faecalis and infectious diseases specialist consultation (IDC) and other factors potentially associated with outcomes.
In a tertiary-care center, consecutive adult patients with E. faecalis BSI between January 1, 2016 and January 31, 2019, were prospectively followed. The management of E. faecalis BSI was evaluated in terms of adherence to evidence-based quality-of-care indicators (QCIs). IDC and other factors potentially associated with 90-day-mortality or relapse of E. faecalis BSI were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression.
A total of 151 patients with a median age of 68 years were studied. IDC was performed in 38% of patients with E. faecalis BSI. 30 cases of endocarditis (20%) were diagnosed. All-cause in-hospital mortality was 23%, 90-day mortality was 37%, and 90-day relapsing E. faecalis BSI was 8%. IDC was significantly associated with better adherence to 5 QCIs. Factors significantly associated with 90-day mortality or relapsing EfB in multivariate analysis were severe sepsis or septic shock at onset (HR 4.32, CI 2.36e7.88) and deep-seated focus of infection (superficial focus HR 0.33, CI 0.14e0.76).
Enterococcus faecalis bacteremia is associated with a high mortality. IDC contributed to improved diagnostic and therapeutic management.

© 2021. The Author(s).