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Epidemiological and molecular analysis of hepatitis B virus infection in manicurists in Central Brazil.

Epidemiological and molecular analysis of hepatitis B virus infection in manicurists in Central Brazil.
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Cavaretto LDSP, Motta-Castro ARC, Teles SA, de Souza FQ, Cardoso WM, de Rezende GR, Tanaka TSO, Bandeira LM, Cesar GA, Puga MAM, Nepomuceno BB, Lago BVD, Fitts SMF,


Cavaretto LDSP, Motta-Castro ARC, Teles SA, de Souza FQ, Cardoso WM, de Rezende GR, Tanaka TSO, Bandeira LM, Cesar GA, Puga MAM, Nepomuceno BB, Lago BVD, Fitts SMF, (click to view)

Cavaretto LDSP, Motta-Castro ARC, Teles SA, de Souza FQ, Cardoso WM, de Rezende GR, Tanaka TSO, Bandeira LM, Cesar GA, Puga MAM, Nepomuceno BB, Lago BVD, Fitts SMF,

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Journal of medical virology 2017 09 08() doi 10.1002/jmv.24940

Abstract
OBJECTIVES
The aim of this study was to investigate the serological and molecular prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in 514 manicurists/pedicurists and identify the risk factors related with this infection.

METHODS
Samples were tested for HBV serological markers, hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) by ELISA. Anti-HBc-positive samples were tested to investigate occult hepatitis B by PCR. HBsAg-positive samples were genotyped and the viral loads of HBV-DNA positive samples were quantified.

RESULTS
The overall HBV prevalence was 5.6% (29/514) and of HBsAg was 0.4% (2/514). One case of occult hepatitis B was found. The genotypes A1 and F2 were identified in two HBsAg-positive samples. Low level of education, not being born in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul and working in the central region of the city were associated with the HBV infection. No single manicurist/pedicurist was infected by HCV or HIV.

CONCLUSIONS
These findings suggest that despite the exposure to blood contact, this occupation was not associated to an increased risk of acquiring HBV, HCV and HIV infections. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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