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Epidemiological characteristics of breakthrough varicella infection during varicella outbreaks in Shanghai, 2008-2014.

Epidemiological characteristics of breakthrough varicella infection during varicella outbreaks in Shanghai, 2008-2014.
Author Information (click to view)

Zhu YF, Li YF, DU Y, Zeng M,


Zhu YF, Li YF, DU Y, Zeng M, (click to view)

Zhu YF, Li YF, DU Y, Zeng M,

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Epidemiology and infection 2017 04 27145(10) 2129-2136 doi 10.1017/S0950268817000772
Abstract

The outbreaks of varicella occurring in kindergartens and schools are increasingly notified in Shanghai despite the implementation of one-dose varicella vaccination. We analyzed surveillance data on the notified outbreaks of varicella in Minhang District of Shanghai during 2008-2014. A total of 13 511 varicella cases and 154 outbreaks involving 1558 (11·5%) cases were reported. Annual attack rates of outbreak-associated varicella in outbreak classes were 5·5%-12%. The mean age of the outbreak-associated cases was 8·6 ± 3·1 years. Among 1558 outbreak cases, 660 (42·4%) received one-dose varicella vaccine previously. The proportions of breakthrough varicella infection during outbreaks ranged from 21·5% in 2008 to 86·1% in 2014. Annual breakthrough infection rates in outbreak classes ranged from 5·4% to 7·4%. Breakthrough cases as index cases results in 9·7% of outbreaks, and the average duration of outbreaks was significantly longer in vaccinated cases as index cases than in unvaccinated cases as index cases (11·3 ± 5·8 days vs. 8·6 ± 6·1 days, P < 0·05). The mean time of breakthrough infection since vaccination was 6·2 ± 2·3 years (range 0·6-13·4 years). One-dose varicella vaccination cannot prevent the varicella outbreaks in kindergartens and schools. A second dose of varicella vaccine should be recommended for children.

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