Advertisement

 

 

Epidemiology and genetic diversity of bovine leukemia virus.

Epidemiology and genetic diversity of bovine leukemia virus.
Author Information (click to view)

Polat M, Takeshima SN, Aida Y,


Polat M, Takeshima SN, Aida Y, (click to view)

Polat M, Takeshima SN, Aida Y,

Advertisement
Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterShare on LinkedIn

Virology journal 2017 11 0214(1) 209 doi 10.1186/s12985-017-0876-4

Abstract

Bovine leukemia virus (BLV), an oncogenic member of the Deltaretrovirus genus, is closely related to human T-cell leukemia virus (HTLV-I and II). BLV infects cattle worldwide and causes important economic losses. In this review, we provide a summary of available information about commonly used diagnostic approaches for the detection of BLV infection, including both serological and viral genome-based methods. We also outline genotyping methods used for the phylogenetic analysis of BLV, including PCR restriction length polymorphism and modern DNA sequencing-based methods. In addition, detailed epidemiological information on the prevalence of BLV in cattle worldwide is presented. Finally, we summarize the various BLV genotypes identified by the phylogenetic analyses of the whole genome and env gp51 sequences of BLV strains in different countries and discuss the distribution of BLV genotypes worldwide.

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

nineteen − sixteen =

[ HIDE/SHOW ]