Root resorption is a side effect of orthodontic tooth movement (OTM). Despite the recognized role of estrogen on bone, there is little information about their effects on orthodontic-induced inflammatory root resorption (OIIRR). We aimed to investigate if estrogen deficiency affects OIIRR in two mice strains.
Female Balb/C (Balb) and C57BL6/J (C57) mice were ovariectomized (OVX) and replaced with estradiol (E2). Tooth samples subjected or not to OTM were collected and analyzed by microCT, histomorphometry and qPCR.
OVX resulted in decreased root volume (RV/TV) and root mineral density (RMD) in Balb mice without OTM. In contrast, OVX did not modify physiological root structure of C57 mice. OTM and OIIRR were increased after OVX in both mice strains after 30 days. E2 replacement reversed this phenotype in Balb, but not in C57 mice. Due to the significant increase of OIIRR in OVX Balb mice, the expression of key molecules was investigated in periodontium. Accordingly, these mice showed increased expression of receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL), tumor necrosis factor alpha, matrix metalloproteinases-2 and -13 and decreased osteoprotegerin (OPG) and interleukin-10 expression after OTM. E2 replacement reversed the changes of these markers.
The lack of estrogen in Balb mice without OTM triggered loss of root structure which was positively correlated to RANKL/OPG ratio. Regardless of mouse strain, the absence of estrogen following OTM induced OIIRR. Mechanisms involve the imbalance of RANKL/OPG system, inflammatory and osteoclastic makers.

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