A bactericidal test was then performed on the samples. Bactericidal power was retained in 12.1 percent of samples following HoP, indicating a substantial drop in bactericidal capabilities when compared to raw milk. The differences between nonthermal preserved samples and raw milk were not statistically significant. When compared to holder pasteurization, nonthermal techniques of human milk treatment maintain the bactericidal potential better. Following further study, such alternate technologies to HoP for milk processing for Human Milk Banks facilities can be offered. The ESPGHAN syllabus was utilized by twelve students. The most often discussed subjects throughout nutrition training were failure to thrive diagnosis/investigation, indications/contraindications for enteral feeds, and benefits/risks of enteral/parenteral feeding. Twenty-seven people had completed a formal nutrition course.

Nutrition training differs throughout Europe, and the ESPGHAN training syllabus is not yet applied on a European scale. Nutrition summer schools, as well as Web-based learning, may offer relevant instruction. Researchers propose that interdisciplinary nutrition teams serve all patients who require nutritional treatment.