The aim of this study was to determine the type, etiology and the rates of epilepsy and to identify accompanying cognitive and behavioral problems in patients with epileptiform abnormalities in the posterior cerebral localization.
In this study, 3500 patients with at least one EEG record at the EEG Laboratory of Clinical Child Neurology Department of Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty of Istanbul University were evaluated in 2014-2015. Three hundred forty-six patients were included in the study.
Of the 346 patients included in the study, 42.4% were female and 57.5% were male. The age range of the cases was 1-21 (mean: 8.7) years. Epileptiform activities were observed in post TPO region isolatedly in 58,95% (n = 204), post-TPO epileptiform focus with focal epileptiform focus in different localizations in 31.21% (n = 108), generalized epileptiform activity with more than one epileptiform focus in 9.8% (n= 34). In the period of EEG examinations 250 (72.25%) patients had a history of epileptic seizures and / or epilepsy, while 96 (27.74%) had non-epileptic clinical conditions such as behavioral disorder and autism.
In the EEG recordings we examined, sharp and spike wave activities were frequently observed in the post TPO region isolatedly. We believe that this study, which investigated the relationship between focal epilptiform activity in post TPO region and different clinical conditions, will serve as an example for other studies.