A history of transurethral surgery of the prostate is generally considered as a risk factor of adverse functional outcomes after radical prostatectomy (RP). We tested whether the risk of postoperative urinary incontinence (UIC) and erectile dysfunction (ED) after RP could be further substantiated in such patients.
We tested the effect of the following variables on UIC and ED rates 1 year after RP: residual prostate volume after transurethral desobstruction, the time from transurethral desobstruction to RP, the type of transurethral desobstruction (TURP vs. laser enucleation), age, and nerve-sparing surgery (yes vs. no). UIC was defined as usage of any pad except a safety pad. ED was defined as no sexual intercourse possible.
Overall, 216 patients treated with RP between 2010 and 2019 in a tertiary care center were evaluated. All patients had previously undergone transurethral desobstruction. Regarding UIC analyses, only time from transurethral desobstruction to RP significantly influenced UIC rates (p = 0.003). Regarding ED rates, none of the tested variables reached statistical significance.
The risk of UIC and ED after RP is substantial in men who had previously undergone transurethral desobstruction. The time from transurethral desobstruction to RP significantly impacts on the postoperative UIC rates. This observation should be further explored in future studies.

© 2021 S. Karger AG, Basel.

References

PubMed