The risk of fatigue damage within the L5-S1 spinal disc was calculated for a sample of 52 individuals with unilateral limb loss (26 transtibial; 26 transfemoral) and 26 uninjured controls using a non-linear multi-axial fatigue model of the spine motion segments. Time to complete damage was calculated for each participant and walking pace; the influences of walking activity were determined by varying daily step counts. Assuming similar activity across groups (10,000 steps per day), times to failure were not different between persons with and without limb loss (50  vs. 46  years, respectively); walking faster was associated with shorter times to failure. Greater daily step counts similarly decreased time to failure in all groups. While such a similarity in fatigue damage evolution does not necessarily downplay the role of biomechanical factors, it may highlight the important influences of psychosocial factors in the development of low back pain in persons with limb loss. Nevertheless, with additional work to include activities beyond walking, computational damage models can provide a predictive platform for evaluating specific clinical interventions (e.g., behavior modification, movement retraining, prosthetic devices) that are ultimately intended to mitigate physical risk factors for low back pain following limb loss.
April 22, 2020
Efficacy of internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy following an acute coronary event: A randomized controlled trial.
May 28, 2020
January 27, 2020
- ACC 2020The American College of Cardiology decided to cancel ACC.20/WCC due to COVID-19, which was scheduled to take place March 28-30 in Chicago. However, ACC.20/WCC Virtual Meeting continues to release cutting edge science and practice changing updates for cardiovascular professionals on demand and free through June 2020.