Revista espanola de enfermedades digestivas : organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Patologia Digestiva 2017 08 04109() doi 10.17235/reed.2017.4739/2016
The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease is increasing in Europe and in Spain. However, there is no recent data from Southern Spain.
To determine the evolution of the hospital incidence of inflammatory bowel disease in Southern Spain.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
A retrospective study was performed in two hospitals in Southern Spain. Data was collected from inflammatory bowel disease patients, divided into two periods (1995-2000 and 2001-2014) and compared. The reference population from both areas was 1,011,555 inhabitants.
A total of 430 patients were registered during the first period (1995-2000); 50% (215) had Crohn’s disease that resulted in a cumulative incidence rate of 7.08 cases/100,000 inhabitants per year. The overall inflammatory bowel disease incidence was 3.54 cases/100,000 inhabitants per year. During the second period (2001-2014), 2,089 patients were collected; 51.7% had ulcerative colitis (1,081). The rate of cumulative incidence of inflammatory bowel disease was 14.7 cases/100,000 inhabitants per year (7.6 cases of ulcerative colitis/100,000 inhabitants/year and 7.1 cases of Crohn´s disease/100,000 inhabitants/year).
The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease in Southern Spain has doubled in the last decade and is similar to that of the rest of the country and Europe.