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Experimental study of ASCs combined with POC-PLA patch for the reconstruction of full-thickness chest wall defects.

Experimental study of ASCs combined with POC-PLA patch for the reconstruction of full-thickness chest wall defects.
Author Information (click to view)

Zhang Y, Fang S, Dai J, Zhu L, Fan H, Tang W, Fan Y, Dai H, Zhang P, Wang Y, Xing X, Yang C,


Zhang Y, Fang S, Dai J, Zhu L, Fan H, Tang W, Fan Y, Dai H, Zhang P, Wang Y, Xing X, Yang C, (click to view)

Zhang Y, Fang S, Dai J, Zhu L, Fan H, Tang W, Fan Y, Dai H, Zhang P, Wang Y, Xing X, Yang C,

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PloS one 2017 08 1112(8) e0182971 doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0182971
Abstract

To explore the repairing effect of combination of adipose stem cells (ASCs) and composite scaffolds on CWR, the electrospun Poly 1, 8-octanediol-co-citric acid (POC)-poly-L-lactide acid (PLA) composite scaffolds were prepared, followed by in vitro and in vivo biocompatibility evaluation of the scaffolds. Afterwards, ASCs were seeded on POC-PLA to construct the POC-PLA-ASCs scaffolds, and the POC-PLA, POC-PLA-ASCs, and traditional materials expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) were adopt for CWR in New Zealand white (NZW) rabbit models. As results, the POC-PLA-ASCs patches possessed good biocompatibility as the high proliferation ability of cells surrounding the patches. Rabbits in POC-PLA-ASCs groups showed better pulmonary function, less pleural adhesion, higher degradation rate and more neovascularization when compared with that in other two groups. The results of western blot indicated that POC-PLA-ASCs patches accelerated the expression of VEGF and Collagen I in rabbit models. From the above, our present study demonstrated that POC-PLA material was applied for CWR successfully, and ASCs seeded on the sheets could improve the pleural adhesions and promote the reparation of chest wall defects.

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