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Exploring biased attention towards body-related stimuli and its relationship with body awareness.

Exploring biased attention towards body-related stimuli and its relationship with body awareness.
Author Information (click to view)

Salvato G, De Maio G, Bottini G,


Salvato G, De Maio G, Bottini G, (click to view)

Salvato G, De Maio G, Bottini G,

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Scientific reports 2017 12 087(1) 17234 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-17528-2
Abstract

Stimuli of great social relevance exogenously capture attention. Here we explored the impact of body-related stimuli on endogenous attention. Additionally, we investigate the influence of internal states on biased attention towards this class of stimuli. Participants were presented with a body, face, or chair cue to hold in memory (Memory task) or to merely attend (Priming task) and, subsequently, they were asked to find a circle in an unrelated visual search task. In the valid condition, the circle was flanked by the cue. In the invalid condition, the pre-cued picture re-appeared flanking the distracter. In the neutral condition, the cue item did not re-appear in the search display. We found that although bodies and faces benefited from a general faster visual processing compared to chairs, holding them in memory did not produce any additional advantage on attention compared to when they are merely attended. Furthermore, face cues generated larger orienting effect compared to body and chairs cues in both Memory and Priming task. Importantly, results showed that individual sensitivity to internal bodily responses predicted the magnitude of the memory-based orienting of attention to bodies, shedding new light on the relationship between body awareness and visuo-spatial attention.

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