Modern techniques of radiotherapy such as fractioned radiotherapy require applications of low doses of ionizing radiation (up to 10 Gy) for effective patient treatment. It is, therefore, crucial to understand the response mechanisms in cancer cells irradiated with low (clinical) doses. The cell’s response to irradiation depends on a dose and post-irradiation time. Both factors should be considered when studying the influence of ionizing radiation on cancer cells. Thus, in the present study, PC-3 prostate cancer cells were irradiated with clinical doses of X-rays to determine dose- and time-dependent response to the irradiation. Raman spectroscopy and biological methods (MTT and comet assays) were applied for the analysis of biochemical changes in the cells induced by low doses of X-ray irradiation at 0 h and 24 h post-irradiation timepoints. Due to a limited view of the biochemical changes at the subcellular level given by single spectrum Raman measurements, Raman mapping of the whole cell area was performed. The results were compared with those obtained for cell irradiation with high doses. The analysis was based on the Partial Least Squares Regression (PLSR) method for the cytoplasmic and nuclear regions separately. Additionally, for the first time, irradiation classification was performed to confirm Raman spectroscopy as a powerful tool for studies on cancer cells treated with clinical doses of ionizing radiation.
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