In this study, the network pharmacology analysis method was used to explore the bioactive components and targets of Xianlinggubao (XLGB) and further elucidate its potential biological mechanisms of action in the treatment of osteoporosis (OP). The bioactive compounds and predictive targets of XLGB were collected from the traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology databases and analysis platform(TCMSP), the Encyclopeida of traditional Chinese medicine (ETCM), traditional Chinese medicine Databse@Taiwan, ChEMBL, STITCH, and SymMap database. The targets corresponding to OP were obtained by using Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man® (OMIM), GeneCards, the National Center for Biotechnology Information-Gene database. The XLGB-OP targets were obtained by intersecting with the targets of XLGB and OP. Protien-Protien interaciton (PPI) network was constructed using STRING online database and analyzed using Cytoscape 3.7.0 software to screen out hub genes. Gene ontology (GO) and KEGG enrichment analysis of the target in the PPI network was conducted using the ClusterProfiler package in R with adjusted p-value<0.05. A total of 65 XLGB bioactive compounds were screened corresponding to 776 XLGB targets and 2556 OP targets. The GO analysis and KEGG enrichment analyses suggested XLGB played a therapeutic roles in OP treatment via the interleukin-17 signaling pathway, hypoxia-inducible factor-1 signaling pathway, insulin resistance, Th-17 signaling pathway, etc. Five hub genes (AKT1, MAPK1, MAPK8, TP53, and STAT3) were screened using the degree algorithm, and molecular docking stimulation results showed that most bioactive compounds of XLGB had strong binding efficiency with hub genes. Overall, this study laid the foundation for further in vivo and in vitro experimental research and expanded the clinical applications of XLGB.
Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Ltd.