This study aimed to discuss the expression of angiogenesis-related proteins in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) induced by osteoprotegerin (OGP) during osteogenic differentiation in rats, and to analyze the effect of fracture healing inflammatory factor TNF-ɑ on the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs of rats. BMSCs isolated and cultured from the third generation rats were taken as the research object. According to the addition amount of OGP, BMSCs were divided into control group, OGP (10 mol/L) group, OGP (10 mol/L) group, and OGP (10 mol/L) group. The cell growth and morphological characteristics of each group were observed by inverted phase contrast microscope, the cell proliferation rate was measured by MTT method, angiogenesis-related markers (platelet growth factor (VEGF), cingulate protein 5 (Fbln5), and angiogenin-like protein 4 (Angptl4)) were quantitatively detected by Western blot, and the effect of TNF-ɑ on osteogenic differentiation was detected by CCK. Compared with the control group, MTT results showed that the value-added rate of cells in the OGP (10 mol/L) group reached the maximum at 9 days (P < 0.05). The ALP activity in osteoblasts in the OGP (10 mol/L) group reached the maximum at 9 days (P < 0.01). The OGP (10 mol/L) group had the highest expression of vascular regeneration proteins (VEGF, Fbln5, and Angptl4) (P < 0.05). CCK analysis showed that the TNF-ɑ (1.0 ng/mL) group showed a significant increase in absorbance compared with the control group on 6 days (P < 0.05), and the OD value of the TNF-ɑ (10 ng/mL) group decreased at all time points (P < 0.05). Overall, 10 mol/L OGP can induce the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of MSCs, and promote the expression of angiogenesis-related proteins (VEGF, Fbln5, and Angptl4) during osteogenic differentiation. Besides, 1.0 ng/mL of TNF-ɑ can also promote osteogenesis differentiation of BMSCs in the short term.
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