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Expression of intelectin-1 in bronchial epithelial cells of asthma is correlated with T-helper 2 (Type-2) related parameters and its function.

Expression of intelectin-1 in bronchial epithelial cells of asthma is correlated with T-helper 2 (Type-2) related parameters and its function.
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Watanabe T, Chibana K, Shiobara T, Tei R, Koike R, Nakamura Y, Arai R, Horigane Y, Shimizu Y, Takemasa A, Fukuda T, Wenzel SE, Ishii Y,


Watanabe T, Chibana K, Shiobara T, Tei R, Koike R, Nakamura Y, Arai R, Horigane Y, Shimizu Y, Takemasa A, Fukuda T, Wenzel SE, Ishii Y, (click to view)

Watanabe T, Chibana K, Shiobara T, Tei R, Koike R, Nakamura Y, Arai R, Horigane Y, Shimizu Y, Takemasa A, Fukuda T, Wenzel SE, Ishii Y,

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Allergy, asthma, and clinical immunology : official journal of the Canadian Society of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 2017 08 0113() 35 doi 10.1186/s13223-017-0207-8
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Intelectin-1 (ITLN-1) is secreted by intestinal goblet cells and detectable in blood. Its expression is increased in IL-13-overexpressing mouse airways. However, its expression and function in human airways is poorly understood.

METHODS
Distal and proximal bronchial epithelial cells (BECs) were isolated from bronchoscopic brushings of disease control (D-CON), COPD, inhaled corticosteroid-treated asthma (ST-Asthma) and inhaled corticosteroid-naïve asthma (SN-Asthma) patients. ITLN-1 mRNA expression in freshly isolated BECs, primary cultured BECs with or without IL-13 and inhibition effects of mometasone furoate (MF) were investigated by quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR). Correlations between ITLN-1 mRNA and Type-2 related parameters (e.g. FeNO, IgE, iNOS, CCL26, periostin and DPP4 mRNA) were analyzed. ITLN-1 protein distribution in asthmatic airway tissue was assessed by immunohistochemistry. Bronchial alveolar lavage (BAL) and serum ITLN-1 protein were measured by ELISA. The effect of recombinant human (rh) ITLN-1 on stimulated production of CXCL10 and phospho(p)-STAT1 expression examined in lung fibroblasts.

RESULTS
ITLN-1 mRNA was expressed in freshly isolated BECs and was correlated with Type-2 related parameters. ITLN-1 protein was increased in goblet cells in SN-Asthmatics and increased in SN-Asthmatic BAL fluid. There were no any differences in serum ITLN-1 concentration between ST and SN-Asthma. IL-13 enhanced ITLN-1 expression and inhibited by MF from BECs in vitro, while rhITLN-1 inhibited CXCL10 production and p-STAT1 expression in HFL-1 cells.

CONCLUSION
ITLN-1 is induced by IL-13 and expressed mainly in goblet cells in untreated asthma where its levels correlate with known Type-2 related parameters. Further, ITLN-1 inhibits Type-1 chemokine expression.

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