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Expression of the Frizzled Receptors and their Co-receptors in Calcified Human Aortic Valves.

Expression of the Frizzled Receptors and their Co-receptors in Calcified Human Aortic Valves.
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Siddique A, Yu B, Khan K, Buyting R, Al-Kindi H, Alaws H, Rhéaume E, Tardif JC, Cecere R, Schwertani A,


Siddique A, Yu B, Khan K, Buyting R, Al-Kindi H, Alaws H, Rhéaume E, Tardif JC, Cecere R, Schwertani A, (click to view)

Siddique A, Yu B, Khan K, Buyting R, Al-Kindi H, Alaws H, Rhéaume E, Tardif JC, Cecere R, Schwertani A,

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Canadian journal of physiology and pharmacology 2017 12 15() doi 10.1139/cjpp-2017-0577
Abstract

The cellular mechanisms that induce calcific aortic stenosis are yet to be unravelled. Wnt signaling is increasingly being considered as a major player in the disease process. However, the presence of Wnt Frizzled receptors (Fzd) and co-receptors LRP5 and 6 in normal and diseased human aortic valves remains to be elucidated. Immunohistochemistry and qPCR were used to determine Fzd receptor expression in normal and calcified human aortic valve tissue, as well as human aortic valve interstitial cells (HAVICs) isolated from calcified and normal human aortic valves. There was significantly higher mRNA expression of 4 out of the 10 Fzd receptors in calcified aortic valve tissues and 8 out of the 10 in HAVICs, and both LRP5/6 co-receptors in calcified aortic valves (P<0.05). These results were confirmed by immunohistochemistry, which revealed abundant increase in immunoreactivity for Fzd3, 7 and 8, mainly in areas of lipid core and calcified nodules of diseased aortic valves. The findings of abundant expression of Frizzled and LRP5/6 receptors in diseased aortic valves suggests a potential role for both canonical and noncanonical Wnt signaling in the pathogenesis of human aortic valve calcification. Future investigations aimed at targeting these molecules may provide potential therapies for aortic valve stenosis.

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