Positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) using radiotracers that bind to the prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is mainly used in biochemical recurring prostate cancer. The aim of our study was to assess the usefulness of F-JK-PSMA-7 PET/CT for local and nodal staging in patients with intermediate- and high-risk prostate cancer (PCa) prior to radical prostatectomy, as compared to conventional imaging techniques.
We enrolled a total of 10 patients with intermediate- and high-risk PCa diagnosed by multiparametric-MRI followed by systematic and targeted biopsies, eligible for radical prostatectomy with extended lymph node dissection. Clinical team was blind to the results of the pre-surgery F-JK-PSMA-7 PET/CT at times of clinical decision and surgery. One month post-surgery, 18F-JK-PSMA-7 PET/CT was repeated and the results of both scans were unblinded. A third F-JK-PSMA-7 PET/CT could be acquired at a later time point depending on PSA progression.
All pre-surgery F-JK-PSMA-7 PET/CT was positive in the prostatic region, while MRI was negative in the prostate in one patient. We also detected positive pelvic lymph nodes in two patients (one high-risk, one intermediate-risk PCa) on pre-surgery and post-surgery F-JK-PSMA-7 PET/CT. No positive pelvic lymph nodes were reported on pre-surgical CT and MRI. F-JK-PSMA-7 PET/CT detected bladder involvement in one patient and seminal vesicles involvement in two patients; this malignant extension was undetected by the conventional imaging techniques. SUVmax in prostate lesions had an average value of 11.51 (range 6.90-21.49). SUVmean in prostate lesions had an average value of 7.59 (range 5.26-14.02).
This pilot study indicates that pre-surgery F-JK-PSMA-7 PET/CT provides valuable information in intermediate- and high-risk PCa, for surgery planning with curative intent.

© 2023. The Author(s).