Falls from height are the most common cause of blunt trauma after traffic accidents. The focus of this retrospective study was to analyze the relationship between injuries in fatal falls and fall height, body mass index (BMI), and sex in 206 autopsy reports. Age, sex, weight, height, place of the fall, fall height, period between the incidence and death, external examination findings in the autopsy, intracranial findings, fractures, internal organ injuries, and information about the causes of death were recorded. Accidents and men were the largest groups. Injuries to the upper and lower extremities were frequently detected in accidents. Lower extremity injuries were more common in women. The occurrence of head and neck injuries were rare in overweight individuals. When evaluated by manner of death, there were differences in extremities and posterior body injuries. There was no difference between sex in terms of autopsy findings. It was observed that the injuries increased as the height increased. There was a statistical difference between the BMI groups in terms of liver, rib and sternum injuries. The most common cause of death was head injuries. Many factors have been known to affect injury patterns in cases of falls from height. Fall height, BMI, and gender are just a few of these factors. This study will be beneficial to support the findings of this study with larger-scale studies and statistical modeling that consider more factors affecting injuries in cases of falls.
About The Expert
İbrahim Eray Çakı