Organic & biomolecular chemistry 15(5) 1130-1139 doi 10.1039/c6ob02334g
Reactions of O-t-butyldimethylsilyl-protected thymidine, 2′-deoxyuridine, and 3′-azidothymidine (AZT) with (benzotriazol-1-yloxy)tris(dimethylamino)phosphonium hexafluorophosphate (BOP) leads to activation of the C4 amide carbonyl by formation of putative O(4)-(benzotriazol-1-yl) derivatives. Subsequent substitution with alkyl and aryl amines, thiols, and alcohols leads to facile functionalization at this position. Reactions with amines and thiols were conducted either as a two-step, one-pot transformation, or as a one-step conversion. Reactions with alcohols were conducted as two-step, one-pot transformations. In the course of these investigations, the formation of 1-(4-pyrimidinyl)-1H-benzotriazole-3-oxide derivatives from the pyrimidine nucleosides was identified. However, these too underwent conversion to the desired products. Products obtained from AZT were converted to the 3′-amino derivatives by catalytic reduction. All products were assayed for their abilities to inhibit cancer cell proliferation and for antiviral activities. Many were seen to be active against HIV-1 and HIV-2, and one was active against herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1).