This study aims to investigate the factors affecting the loss of reduction in pediatric diaphyseal forearm fractures and to compare the three-point index (TPI) with the cast index, padding index, Canterbury index, and gap index.
This retrospective study, which was conducted between January 2016 and December 2016, included 159 patients (134 males, 25 females; mean age 8.1±2.8 years; range, 3 to 13 years) with diaphyseal forearm fracture. Patients’ age, gender, and the level, displacement, and location of the fractures were recorded. The presence of anatomic reduction, a straight ulnar border, and the cast type (banana or box type) were checked after the reduction. The TPI, cast index, padding index, Canterbury index, and gap index were measured.
Fifty-two patients (32.7%) experienced loss of reduction during the follow-up. Displaced fractures of both the radius and the ulna, cast type-banana, anatomical reduction, straight ulnar border, TPI, cast index, padding index, and Canterbury index were found to be associated with re-displacement.
Although cast indices can be used as a beneficial clinical tool in predicting the loss of reduction in the treatment of pediatric forearm fractures, they may not be sufficient when used alone. Obtaining a more accurate result may be possible by assessing several parameters such as the presence of an anatomic reduction, box-type casting, and TPI together.