This study sought to examine different factors associated with the use of contraceptive types among Ethiopian women and update the literature on general contraceptive use. These analyses can be used to tailor and improve family planning policy and long-acting contraceptive use.

The data was obtained from Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey 2016 conducted in-person interviews with 15,683 women. Participants were asked about contraceptive use, family planning attitudes, personal and household characteristics, and lifestyle.

Our study confirms many previously documented determinants of general contraceptive use, including marital status, age, religion, decision-making ability, and occupation. Factors associated with long- versus short-term reversible contraceptive use were religion, region, age group, the highest level of education, and family planning at a health facility.

This study outlines crucial differences between long- and short-acting contraceptive users. Further family planning policy efforts taking into account regional, religious and other personal and socio-economic factors would effectively augment ongoing efforts. Additionally, the role played by a discussion with health professionals in supporting long-term contraceptive use reflects the success of the continuing effort to drive service in Ethiopia.