This is a single center, retrospective study of singleton pregnant women at PTB clinic, University College London Hospital (UCLH, 2005-2015) who underwent elective or US-indicated cervical cerclage. Women were tested for UTI and BV before cerclage placement and received mid-gestation fFN testing. Patient data were extracted from the PTB clinic database and electronic records. Statistical analyses used Pearson’s chi-square and Mann-Whitney U tests. P values were corrected by Bonferroni method as required.
267 singleton pregnant women attended our clinic with completed birth outcome. Of those, 32.2% (86/267) delivered prematurely. All women with UTI or BV received antibiotic treatment. Women with a UTI before cerclage placement were more likely to deliver preterm when compared to those with negative MSU culture (OR 3.39, 95%CI 1.24-9.27, p = 0.04). Their gestational age at delivery were also lower than those with negative MSU result (36, IQR 31-38week vs 38, IQR 36-39-week, p = 0.05). However, UTI after cerclage placement or BV either before or after cerclage placement were not associated with PTB. Women who had a positive fFN result were more likely to deliver preterm (OR 3.85, 95% CI 1.81-8.41, p = 0.0007).
The presence of a UTI before cervical cerclage is associated with a higher rate of PTB in women who receive a cervical cerclage, even when treated. We did not find an association between pre or post-cerclage BV or post-cerclage UTI and PTB. Further research is needed to elucidate the link between UTI and PTB in women undergoing cervical cerclage.
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