Finite element (FE) analysis has proven to be useful when studying the biomechanics of the cervical spine. Although many FE studies of the cervical spine have been published, they typically develop their models using commercial software, making the sharing of models between researchers difficult. They also often model only one part of the cervical spine. The goal of this study was to develop and evaluate three FE models of the adult cervical spine using open-source software and to freely provide these models to the scientific community. The models were created from computed tomography scans of 26-, 59-, and 64-year old female subjects. These models were evaluated against previously published experimental and FE data. Despite the fact that all three models were assigned identical material properties and boundary conditions, there was notable variation in their biomechanical behavior. It was therefore apparent that these differences were the result of morphological differences between the models.
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