Fecal calprotectin (FC) is a common surrogate marker of mucosal healing (MH) in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD). We investigated the optimum FC thresholds for defining endoscopic remission (ER) and histological remission (HR) using advanced endoscopic techniques.
In this cross-sectional study, we collected clinical, endoscopic, histological data, and FC from 76 UC and 41 CD patients. Receiver operating characteristic curves were created to evaluate the optimum cut-off of FC to predict ER evaluated by Mayo Endoscopic Score (MES), Ulcerative Colitis Endoscopic Index of Severity (UCEIS), and modified PICaSSO (Paddington International Virtual Chromoendoscopy Score) for UC patients and Simple Endoscopic Score (SES-CD) in CD patients; and HR was scored by the Robarts Histology Index (RHI) and Nancy Index for UC and modified Riley for CD.
In UC patients, the best thresholds of FC to identify ER calculated with MES, UCEIS, and modified PICaSSO were 112, 148, and 161 mcg/g with accuracy of 86.9% 86.8%, and 81.6%, respectively. The best value of FC to predict HR was 112 mcg/g and 172 mcg/g with accuracy of 84.2% and 81.6% for RHI and Nancy Index, respectively.In CD patients, the best cut-off of FC to predict ER was 96 mcg/g with accuracy of 82.9%. The HR was best predicted by an FC value of 225 mcg/g with accuracy of 75.6%.
The FC value threshold between 112 and 172 mcg/g could identify ER and HR in UC patients, whereas a value under 225 mcg/g should be considered for CD patients.
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