Advertisement

 

 

Fertility and HIV following universal access to ART in Rwanda: a cross-sectional analysis of Demographic and Health Survey data.

Fertility and HIV following universal access to ART in Rwanda: a cross-sectional analysis of Demographic and Health Survey data.
Author Information (click to view)

Remera E, Boer K, Umuhoza SM, Hedt-Gauthier BL, Thomson DR, Ndimubanzi P, Kayirangwa E, Mutsinzi S, Bayingana A, Mugwaneza P, Koama JB,


Remera E, Boer K, Umuhoza SM, Hedt-Gauthier BL, Thomson DR, Ndimubanzi P, Kayirangwa E, Mutsinzi S, Bayingana A, Mugwaneza P, Koama JB, (click to view)

Remera E, Boer K, Umuhoza SM, Hedt-Gauthier BL, Thomson DR, Ndimubanzi P, Kayirangwa E, Mutsinzi S, Bayingana A, Mugwaneza P, Koama JB,

Advertisement
Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterShare on LinkedIn

Reproductive health 2017 03 1414(1) 40 doi 10.1186/s12978-017-0301-x

Abstract
BACKGROUND
HIV infection is linked to decreased fertility and fertility desires in sub-Saharan Africa due to biological and social factors. We investigate the relationship between HIV infection and fertility or fertility desires in the context of universal access to antiretroviral therapy introduced in 2004 in Rwanda.

METHODS
We used data from 3532 and 4527 women aged 20-49 from the 2005 and 2010 Rwandan Demographic and Health Surveys (RDHS), respectively. The RDHSs included blood-tests for HIV, as well as detailed interviews about fertility, demographic and behavioral outcomes. In both years, multiple logistic regression was used to assess the association between HIV and fertility outcomes within three age categories (20-29, 30-39 and 40-49 years), controlling for confounders and compensating for the complex survey design.

RESULTS
In 2010, we did not find a difference in the odds of pregnancy in the last 5 years between HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative women after controlling for potential biological and social confounders. Controlling for the same confounders, we found that HIV-seropositive women under age 40 were less likely to desire more children compared to HIV-seronegative women (20-29 years adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 0.31, 95% CI: 0.17, 0.58; 30-39 years AOR = 0.24, 95% CI: 0.14, 0.43), but no difference was found among women aged 40 or older. No associations between HIV and fertility or fertility desire were found in 2005.

CONCLUSIONS
These findings suggest no difference in births or current pregnancy among HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative women. That in 2010 HIV-seropositive women in their earlier childbearing years desired fewer children than HIV-seronegative women could suggest more women with HIV survived; and stigma, fear of transmitting HIV, or realism about living with HIV and prematurely dying from HIV may affect their desire to have children. These findings emphasize the importance of delivering appropriate information about pregnancy and childbearing to HIV-infected women, enabling women living with HIV to make informed decisions about their reproductive life.

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

fourteen − 5 =

[ HIDE/SHOW ]