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Financial impact of ivabradine on reducing heart failure penalties under the Hospital Readmission Reduction Program.

Financial impact of ivabradine on reducing heart failure penalties under the Hospital Readmission Reduction Program.
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Kansal AR, Krotneva S, Tafazzoli A, Patel HK, Borer JS, Böhm M, Komajda M, Maya J, Tavazzi L, Ford I, Kielhorn A,


Kansal AR, Krotneva S, Tafazzoli A, Patel HK, Borer JS, Böhm M, Komajda M, Maya J, Tavazzi L, Ford I, Kielhorn A, (click to view)

Kansal AR, Krotneva S, Tafazzoli A, Patel HK, Borer JS, Böhm M, Komajda M, Maya J, Tavazzi L, Ford I, Kielhorn A,

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Current medical research and opinion 2016 10 2733(2) 185-191 doi 10.1080/03007995.2016.1248381
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
The introduction of the Hospital Readmission Reduction Program (HRRP) has led to renewed interest in developing strategies to reduce 30 day readmissions among patients with heart failure (HF). In this study, a model was developed to investigate whether the addition of ivabradine to a standard-of-care (SoC) treatment regimen for patients with HF would reduce HRRP penalties incurred by a hypothetical hospital with excess 30 day readmissions.

RESEARCH DESIGN
A model using a Monte Carlo simulation framework was developed. Model inputs included national hospital characteristics, hospital-specific characteristics, and the ivabradine treatment effect as quantified by a post hoc analysis of the Systolic Heart failure treatment with the If inhibitor ivabradine Trial (SHIFT).

RESULTS
The model computed an 83% reduction in HF readmission penalty payments in a hypothetical hospital with a readmission rate of 22.95% (excess readmission ratio = 1.056 over the national average readmission rate of 21.73%), translating into net savings of $44,016. A sensitivity analysis indicated that the readmission penalty is affected by the specific characteristics of the hospital, including the readmission rate, size of the ivabradine-eligible population, and ivabradine utilization.

CONCLUSIONS
The results of this study indicate that the addition of ivabradine to an SoC treatment regimen for patients with HF may lead to a reduction in the penalties incurred by hospitals under the HRRP. This highlights the role ivabradine can play as part of a wider effort to optimize the care of patients with HF.

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