N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) are important for synaptogenesis, synaptic maturation and refinement during the early postnatal weeks after birth. Defective synapse formation or refinement underlie cognitive and emotional abnormalities in various neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs), including schizophrenia (Sz) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Serine racemase (SR) is a neuronal enzyme that produces D-serine, a co-agonist required for full NMDAR activation. NMDAR hypofunction as a result of genetic SR elimination and reduced synaptic availability of D-serine reduces neuronal dendritic arborization and spine density. In adult mouse brain, the expression of SR parallels that of NMDARs across forebrain regions including the striatum, amygdala, hippocampus, and medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). However, there have yet to be studies providing a detailed characterization of the spatial and temporal expression of SR during early periods of synaptogenesis. Here, we examined the postnatal expression of SR in cortical and subcortical brain regions important for learning, memory and emotional regulation, during the first four weeks after birth. Using dual-antigen immunofluorescence, we demonstrate that the number of SR+ neurons steadily increases with postnatal age across the mPFC, amygdala, hippocampus and striatum. We also identified differences in the rate of SR protein induction both across and within brain regions. Analyzing existing human post-mortem brain in situ data, there was a similar developmental mRNA expression profile of SRR and GRIN1 (GluN1 subunit) from infancy through the first decade of life. Our findings further support a developmental role for D-serine mediated NMDAR activation regulating synaptogenesis and neural circuit refinement, which has important implications for the pathophysiology of Sz and other NDDs.