This study aims at Frailty has persistently been associated with unfavorable short-term outcomes after vascular surgery, including an increased complication risk, greater readmission rate, and greater short-term mortality. However, a knowledge gap remains concerning the association between preoperative frailty and long-term mortality. In the present study, we aimed to determine this association in elective vascular surgery patients. The present study was a part of a large prospective cohort study initiated in 2010 in our tertiary referral teaching hospital to study frailty in elderly elective vascular surgery patients (Vascular Ageing Study). A total of 639 patients with a minimal follow-up of 5 years, who had been treated from 2010 to 2014, were included in the present study. The Groningen Frailty Indicator, a 15-item self-administered questionnaire, was used to determine the presence and degree of frailty. Of the 639 patients, 183 (28.6%) were considered frail preoperatively. For the frail patients, the actuarial survival after 1, 3, and 5 years was 81.4%, 66.7%, and 55.7%, respectively.

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