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Freeform fabrication of tissue-simulating phantom for potential use of surgical planning in conjoined twins separation surgery.

Freeform fabrication of tissue-simulating phantom for potential use of surgical planning in conjoined twins separation surgery.
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Shen S, Wang H, Xue Y, Yuan L, Zhou X, Zhao Z, Dong E, Liu B, Liu W, Cromeens B, Adler B, Besner G, Xu RX,


Shen S, Wang H, Xue Y, Yuan L, Zhou X, Zhao Z, Dong E, Liu B, Liu W, Cromeens B, Adler B, Besner G, Xu RX, (click to view)

Shen S, Wang H, Xue Y, Yuan L, Zhou X, Zhao Z, Dong E, Liu B, Liu W, Cromeens B, Adler B, Besner G, Xu RX,

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Scientific reports 2017 09 087(1) 11048 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-08579-6
Abstract

Preoperative assessment of tissue anatomy and accurate surgical planning is crucial in conjoined twin separation surgery. We developed a new method that combines three-dimensional (3D) printing, assembling, and casting to produce anatomic models of high fidelity for surgical planning. The related anatomic features of the conjoined twins were captured by computed tomography (CT), classified as five organ groups, and reconstructed as five computer models. Among these organ groups, the skeleton was produced by fused deposition modeling (FDM) using acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene. For the other four organ groups, shell molds were prepared by FDM and cast with silica gel to simulate soft tissues, with contrast enhancement pigments added to simulate different CT and visual contrasts. The produced models were assembled, positioned firmly within a 3D printed shell mold simulating the skin boundary, and cast with transparent silica gel. The produced phantom was subject to further CT scan in comparison with that of the patient data for fidelity evaluation. Further data analysis showed that the produced model reassembled the geometric features of the original CT data with an overall mean deviation of less than 2 mm, indicating the clinical potential to use this method for surgical planning in conjoined twin separation surgery.

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