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Functional characterization of AVPR2 mutants found in Turkish patients with nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.

Functional characterization of AVPR2 mutants found in Turkish patients with nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.
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Erdem B, Schulz A, Saglar E, Deniz F, Schoneberg T, Mergen H,


Erdem B, Schulz A, Saglar E, Deniz F, Schoneberg T, Mergen H, (click to view)

Erdem B, Schulz A, Saglar E, Deniz F, Schoneberg T, Mergen H,

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Endocrine connections 2017 11 08() pii EC-17-0236
Abstract

Diabetes insipidus is a rare disorder characterized by an impairment in water balance because of the inability to concentrate urine. While central Diabetes insipidus is caused by mutations in the AVP, the reason for genetically determined nephrogenic Diabetes insipidus can be mutations in AQP2 or AVPR2. After release of AVP from posterior pituitary into blood stream it binds to AVPR2 which is one of the receptors for AVP and is mainly expressed in principal cells of collecting ducts of kidney. Receptor activation increases cAMP levels in principal cells, resulting in the incorporation of AQP2 into the membrane, finally increasing water reabsorption. This pathway can be altered by mutations in AVPR2 causing nephrogenic Diabetes insipidus. In this study, we functionally characterize four mutations (R68W, ΔR67-G69/G107W, V162A and T273M) in AVPR2 which were found in Turkish patients. Upon AVP stimulation, R68W, ΔR67-G69/G107W and T273M showed a significantly reduced maximum in cAMP response compared to wild type receptor. All mutant receptor proteins were expressed at the protein level; however, R68W, ΔR67-G69/G107W and T273M were partially retained in the cellular interior. Immunofluorescence studies showed that these mutant receptors were trapped in ER and Golgi apparatus. The function of V162A was indistinguishable from the indicating other defects causing disease. The results are important for understanding the influence of mutations on receptor function and cellular trafficking. Therefore, characterization of these mutations provides useful information for further studies addressing treatment of intracellularly trapped receptors with cell-permeable antagonists to restore receptor function in patients with nephrogenic Diabetes insipidus.

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