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Genetic and functional diversity of ubiquitous DNA viruses in selected Chinese agricultural soils.

Genetic and functional diversity of ubiquitous DNA viruses in selected Chinese agricultural soils.
Author Information (click to view)

Han LL, Yu DT, Zhang LM, Shen JP, He JZ,


Han LL, Yu DT, Zhang LM, Shen JP, He JZ, (click to view)

Han LL, Yu DT, Zhang LM, Shen JP, He JZ,

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Scientific reports 2017 03 227() 45142 doi 10.1038/srep45142
Abstract

Viral community structures in complex agricultural soils are largely unknown. Electron microscopy and viromic analyses were conducted on six typical Chinese agricultural soil samples. Tailed bacteriophages, spherical and filamentous viral particles were identified by the morphological analysis. Based on the metagenomic analysis, single-stranded DNA viruses represented the largest viral component in most of the soil habitats, while the double-stranded DNA viruses belonging to the Caudovirales order were predominanted in Jiangxi-maize soils. The majority of functional genes belonged to the subsystem "phages, prophages, transposable elements, and plasmids". Non-metric multidimensional analysis of viral community showed that the environment medium type was the most important driving factor for the viral community structure. For the major viral groups detected in all samples (Microviridae and Caudovirales), the two groups gathered viruses from different sites and similar genetic composition, indicating that viral diversity was high on a local point but relatively limited on a global scale. This is a novel report of viral diversity in Chinese agricultural soils, and the abundance, taxonomic, and functional diversity of viruses that were observed in different types of soils will aid future soil virome studies and enhance our understanding of the ecological functions of soil viruses.

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