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Genetic markers for urine haptoglobin is associated with decline in renal function in type 2 diabetes in East Asians.

Genetic markers for urine haptoglobin is associated with decline in renal function in type 2 diabetes in East Asians.
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Gurung RL, Dorajoo R, Liu S, M Y, Liu JJ, Wang L, Guo L, Yu X, Liu JJ, Lim SC,


Gurung RL, Dorajoo R, Liu S, M Y, Liu JJ, Wang L, Guo L, Yu X, Liu JJ, Lim SC, (click to view)

Gurung RL, Dorajoo R, Liu S, M Y, Liu JJ, Wang L, Guo L, Yu X, Liu JJ, Lim SC,

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Scientific reports 2018 03 238(1) 5109 doi 10.1038/s41598-018-23407-1
Abstract

Urine haptoglobin (uHP) level prospectively predicts diabetic kidney disease (DKD) progression. Here, we aim to identify genetic determinants of uHP level and evaluate association with renal function in East Asians (EA) with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Genome-wide association study (GWAS) among 805 [236 Chinese (discovery) and 569 (57 Malay and 512 Chinese) (validation)] found that rs75444904/kgp16506790 variant was robustly associated with uHP level (MetaP = 1.21 × 10). rs75444904 correlates well with plasma HP protein levels and multimerization in EA but was not in perfect LD (r = 0.911 in Chinese, r = 0.536 in Malay) and is monomorphic in Europeans (1000 G data). Conditional probability analysis indicated weakening of effects but residual significant associations between rs75444904 and uHP when adjusted on HP structural variant (MetaP = 8.22 × 10). The rs75444904 variant was associated with DKD progression (OR = 1.77, P = 0.014) independent of traditional risk factors. In an additional validation-cohort of EA (410 end-stage renal disease (ESRD) cases and 1308 controls), rs75444904 was associated with ESRD (OR = 1.22, P = 0.036). Furthermore, increased risk of DKD progression (OR = 2.09, P = 0.007) with elevated uHP level through Mendelian randomisation analysis provide support for potential causal role of uHP in DKD progression in EA. However, further replication of our findings in larger study populations is warranted.

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