The aim was to investigate SNPs of TLR-2,3,4, NOD2/CARD15, JAK-2, and IL-10 in patients with the early and late UC onset.
Matherials and methods: 126 patients with UC were investigated. To assess the predisposition of the early and late UC onset the incidence of the following SNPs: Arg753Gln TLR2 gene, Phe412Leu TLR3 gene, Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile TLR4 gene, C-819T, G-1082A and C-592A gene IL-10, Val617Phe gene JAK2, Gly908Arg gene NOD2/CARD15 were analyzed.
Results: 76 patients had early disease onset and 50 had a late one. SNPs of TLR3 were observed in 50.8% cases. TLR4 polymorphism was more common than TLR3, and was observed in 81 (64.3%) UC patients. Polymorphism of NOD2/CARD15 and IL-10 genes were revealed with almost the same frequency 49 (38.9%) and 50 (39.9%) patients, respectively.
Conclusions: Polymorphisms of TLR-2,3 genes and TLR4 Asp299Gly, NOD2/CARD15 prevailed in patients with the late UC onset that allows to suppose that bacterial flora plays one of the key roles in modification of immune response and UC development. In patients with early UC onset polymorphisms of the JAK2 and IL-10 genes prevailed responsible for the cytokine cascade activation and cause the immune mechanism that might lead to a more aggressive course of the disease.