Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology 2017 09 2743(2) 775-787 doi 10.1159/000481561
Distribution of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes vary geographically and may associate with the mode of transmission. Little is known about the molecular epidemiology of HCV infection in Guangzhou, China.
A cross-sectional survey included 561 subjects with chronic HCV infection registered at Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, was performed. All residents were invited for a questionnaire interview to collect information about their personal status and commercial blood donation history.
A total of 463 chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients were finally enrolled. Among the 463 samples, 426 were characterized by partial core-E1 sequences and classified into 7 subtypes: 1b (n=263, 61.7%), 6a (n=86, 20.2%), 2a (n=26, 6.1%), 3b (n=26, 6.1%), 3a (n=22, 5.2%), 6u (n=2, 0.5%), and 4a (n=1, 0.2%). Analysis of genotype-associated risk factors revealed that blood donation and transfusion were strongly associated with subtypes 1b and 2a, while genotype 3b and 6a were more frequent in intravenous drug users.
Phylogeographic analyses demonstrated that the distribution of HCV genotypes in Guangzhou is complex. Interestingly, 6a has become a local endemic in Guangzhou and may be the second source region to disseminate 6a to other provinces.